About Uganda (Democratic Republic of the Uganda)

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Uganda is a landlocked republic locked in eastern Africa, bordered on the north by the Republic of Sudan, on the east by Kenya, on the south by Tanzania and Rwanda, and on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A former British protectorate, Uganda became a fully independent member of the Commonwealth of Nations on October 6, 1962. Uganda has an area of 241,038 sq km (93,065 sq mi). The capital of Uganda is Kampala.

Geographical Features

Most of the country is over 1,000m in altitude and topography is generally flat. In the southwest of Uganda on the Congo border, the 70km-long and 30km-wide Rwenzori Mountains form the highest mountain range in Africa, only to be exceeded in altitude by Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimajaro.

The majority of South,Central, East and Western  parts of Uganda is well-watered and fertile, except the semi-desert in the extreme northeast. Almost 25% of the country’s surface is covered by water. Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater body in the world and is shared by Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania.


Tourist Attractions;

The distinctive tourist attractions of Uganda arises out of the variety of its unspoilt scenic beauty and game stock . Uganda generally has considerable import natural resources for tourism with a variety of ecosystems, landscape, climates and Biome, people and cultures. Some of its features are outstanding by international standards such as the sheer variety of bird species ( 1042spp), while others are unique.

Uganda National Parks

Bwindi National Park


Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site Popular for Mountain gorillas and Chimpanzees, the two great African Apes listed as endangered animals in the IUCN Red Data Book. Bwindi National park is  home to half of the world’s Mountain gorilas, The park has gorilla tracking as the Major Attraction.

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Kibale National Park

kibale national park

Kibale National park (The primate capital of the world) is the most magnificent of Uganda’s tropical rain forests and one of the most rewarding areas to explore. Kibale’s major attraction is the Chimpanzees, most closest to humans than to any other living creature. this park boasts over 13 species of primates including the endemic Uganda mangabay, Red Colobus, L’Hoest’s monkey.

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Mgahinga National Park

mgahinga national park

A home where Gold meets Sliver: Mgahinga National park  is part of a larger ecosystem, the Virunga conservation Area. It is  also an important habitat for the endangered golden monkey, the park its home of the 300 gorillas located in the Virunga massif. it is indeed where gold meets sliver where gorillas are house with the some habitat of the golden monkeys.

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Murchison falls National park

murchison fall national park

Murchison falls National park lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the sweeping Bunyoro escarpment tumbles into vast palm-dotted savannah. The vegetation is characterised by savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Wildlife includes lions, leopards, elephants, giraffes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species.

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Queen Elizabeth National park

Queen Elizabeth national park

Queen Elizabeth national park  was initially known as ‘Kazinga National Park‘ before it was renamed in 1954 to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain. The park’s variety ecosystems, which include humid forests, sparking lakes, sprawling savanna and wetlands makes it the most suitable habitat for over 612 species of birds, 10 primates species including chimpanzees and for big games

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Semuliki National Park

sempaya hot spring

Semuliki National Park is Situated within the remote Semuliki Valley site of the Sempaya Hot spring and named for the river which forms the Congolese border, Semuliki National park protects an extension of the Congo’s vast Ituri Rainforest, and is of particular interest to birders with 40 essentially Congolese species found nowhere else in Uganda.

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Lake Mburo National Park

zebra l

Lake Mburo National park lying in the one part of Uganda covered in extensive acacia woodland, mburo has markedly different Fauna to other parks and reserves. this is the best place in the country to see the gigantic Eland , impala, zebra, topi and several acacia associated birds. the five lakes in the park attract hippos,crocodiles and a variety of  waterbirds

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Kidepo Valley National Park


Kidepo Valley National Park is isolated from the Uganda mainstream by the harsh plains north  of Mount Elgon. Kidepo is one of Africa’s last great wilderness area, a tract of rugged savannah. Kidepo is an oasis in the semi- desert, reflected in its 86 mammal species out of which 28 spiecies occuring nowhere in Uganda and almost 500 birds

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Rwenzori Mountains National Park


The 120km Rwenzori chain is regarded to be the legendary snow-capped Mountains of the moon, described by Ptolemy in AD150. Reaching an elevation of 5109m. it is also Africa’s tallest mountain range, A variety of large mammals inhabits the lower slopes. the distinctive glacial peaks are visible for miles around, but the slopes above 1,600m are the preserve of hikers, who rate the Rwenzori to be the most challenging of all African mountains

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Travel Tips Uganda


Getting there

Entebbe international Airport is served by several international carriers Uganda can be reached overland from Kenya, Rwanda and tanzania

Passport and Visas

Avalid passport is mandatory. Visa requirements sometimes change, so check before you travel. Visas can be purchased upon arrival at the airport or a land border.


A ceritifacte of yellow fever vaccination is required. Visitors should take malaria precautions. It is advisable to drink botted water, available throughout the country rather than tap water


The unit of currency is the Uganda shilling. All major currencies are accepted although the US dollar is the most common. cash or travellers cheques can be cahanged for local currency at banks and bureaux de change in all large towns.


Educated Ugandans are generally Fluent in English, the offical language . of 30-plus different indigenous languages, Luganda serves as something of a linga franca.

When to visit

Any time, though mountain hikes, gorilla tracking and forest walks are more challenging during the rains, which generally peak over mid- September to November and March to May.

What to wear

Daytime temperatures are generally warm to hot, so bring lots of light clothing. Evening are cooler, especially at high  altitudes, so carry a couple of light sweaters too. Those who hike in the mountains will be exposed to alpine temperatures and should park accordingly. Solid walking shoes and sturdy clothing are ideal for forest walks. Don’t forget to bring a hat sunglasses and a waterproof jacket.

What to bring

 To fully enjoy the game reserves, carry binoculars and field guides. photographer will need a zoom lens for wildlife. Print film and developing is available in Kampala. Toiletries and other essential can be bought anywhere in Uganda.